Liviu Beriș este unul dintre supraviețuitorii deportării evreilor în Transnistria de către administrația românească a Basarabiei și Bucovinei de N. Originar din Herța, a scăpat de prima fază a deportării realizată de autoritățile sovietice care i-au ocupat localitatea natală între 1940-1941, dar a fost deportat în 1941 când s-au reîntors autoritățile românești.
Domnul Liviu Beriș a fost prezent la Școala de vară “Holocaustul din România între memorie și istorie”, care s-a desfășuarat la Surduc între 16-19 iulie 2018, unde și-a prezentat mărturia.
Liviu Beriș, 90 de ani, este unul dintre puținii supraviețuitori ai deportărilor din Transnistria care mai trăiesc. A fost prezent la Școala de vară “Holocaustul din România între memorie și istorie”, care s-a desfășuarat la Surduc între 16-19 iulie 2018, unde și-a prezentat mărturia.
Ziua Internațională de Comemorare a Victimelor Holocaustului este 27 ianuarie, data la care, în 1945, cel mai mare lagăr nazist de exterminare de la Auschwitz-Birkenau (astăzi în Polonia) a fost eliberat de armata sovietică.
Holocaustul a avut ca rezultat uciderea a 6 milioane de evrei europeni și a milioane de persoane de alte naționalități de către regimul nazist german.
Today marks the 70th anniversary of the liberation of the Nazi German concentration and extermination camp Auschwitz. The first extermination of prisoners took place in September 1941, and Auschwitz II–Birkenau went on to become a major site of the Nazi „Final Solution to the Jewish question.” Here are nine things you should know about the Nazi extermination camps:
1. Hitler’s official plan for genocide was developed at the Wannsee Conference on January 20, 1942. Fifteen Nazi leaders, which included a number of state secretaries, senior officials, party leaders, SS officers, and other leaders of government departments, held the meeting to discuss plans for a „final solution to the Jewish question in Europe.” (The Nazis used the euphemistic phrases „Final Solution to the Jewish Question” and „Final Solution” to refer to the genocide of the Jews.) In the course of the meeting, Nazi official Reinhard Heydrich outlined how European Jews would be rounded up and sent to extermination camps.
2. The Nazis distinguished between extermination camps and concentration camps. The interchangeable terms extermination camp (Vernichtungslager) and death camp (Todeslager) refer to camps whose primary function was genocide. Unlike concentration camps, the Nazis did not expect the majority of prisoners taken to the extermination camps to survive more than a few hours after arrival. In the early years of the Holocaust, the Jews were primarily sent to concentration camps (where they would often die of torture and starvation), but from 1942 onwards they were mostly deported to the extermination camps.
3. Genocide at extermination camps was initially carried out in the form of mass shootings. However, the shootings proved to be too psychologically damaging to those being asked to pull the triggers. The Nazis next tried mass killing by blowing victims up with explosives, but that also was found unsuitable. The Nazis settled on gassing their victims (usually with carbon monoxide or a cyanide-based pesticide). Stationary gas chambers could kill 2,000 people at once. Once in the chambers, about one-third of the victims died immediately, though death could take up to 20 minutes.
4. The use of camps equipped with gas chambers for the purpose of systematic mass extermination of peoples was a unique feature of the Holocaust and unprecedented in history. Never before had there existed places with the express purpose of killing people en masse. These were extermination camps established at Auschwitz, Belzec, Chełmno, Jasenovac, Majdanek, Maly Trostenets, Sobibor, and Treblinka. For political and logistical reasons, the most infamous extermination camps were in Occupied Poland, since Poland had the greatest number of Jews living in Europe.
5. At various concentration and extermination camps, the Nazis conducted medical experiments on their prisoners, which included placing subjects in pressure chambers, testing drugs on them, freezing them, attempting to change eye color by injecting chemicals into children’s eyes, and various amputations and other surgeries that were often conducted without anesthesia. The most notorious of these Nazi physicians was Dr. Josef Mengele, who worked in Auschwitz. According to one witness, Mengele sewed together a set of twins named Guido and Ina, who were about 4 years old, from the back in an attempt to create Siamese twins. Their parents were able to get some morphine and kill them to end their suffering.
6. All the Nazis’ enemies imprisoned at Auschwitz were given special badges to mark them out: yellow stars for the Jews, a brown triangle for Roma (Gypsies), a pink triangle for gay prisoners, a purple triangle for Jehovah’s witnesses, a black triangle for people who were deemed „asocial elements” (mentally ill, pacifists, prostitutes), and many more marking out each minority.
7. About 200,000 inmates of the camp between 1940-45 survived. Out of a total of about 7,000 guards at Auschwitz, including 170 female staff, 750 were prosecuted and punished once Nazi Germany was defeated.
8. The most commonly cited figure for the total number of Jews killed is six million — around 78 percent of the 7.3 million Jews in occupied Europe at the time. Additionally, the Nazis murdered approximately two to three million Soviet POWs, two million ethnic Poles, up to 1,500,000 Romani, 200,000 handicapped, political and religious dissenters, 15,000 homosexuals, and 5,000 Jehovah’s Witnesses, bringing the total genocide toll to around 11 million.
9. The silent footage shown in this video is from film that was taken by a Soviet military film crew over a period of months beginning on January 27, 1945, the day that Auschwitz was liberated.
Excerpts from „Oswiecim” („Auschwitz”)
The silent footage shown in this video is from film that was taken by a Soviet military film crew over a period of months beginning on January 27, 1945, the day that Auschwitz was liberated.
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum on YouTube
Nuit et brouillard (Night and Fog) part 1/3
Nuit et brouillard (Night and Fog) part 2/3
Nuit et brouillard (Night and Fog) part 3/3
Mai multe detalii pe http://cosmin-budeanca.blogspot.com
Un demers jurnalistic demn de toata aprecierea pentru maniera in care reuseste sa dovedeasca superficialitatea gandirii unora dintre semenii nostri. Abordarea pare sa fie asemanatoare cu felul in care profetul Natan s-a raportat la regele David (2 Samuel 12).
Sursa documentarului http://suceavaevanghelica.wordpress.com
Un film foarte interesant deoarece realizează o paralelă între Holocaust și avort. Am remarcat și modul în care realizatorul pune problemele, de o manieră diferită de ceea ce se obișnuiește atunci când li se prezintă oamenilor mesajul creștin. Rămâne ca fiecare dintre noi să luam atitudine și să acționăm împreună după cum menționa și Alicia. Cred că este nevoie de o voce unită a creștinilor evanghelici și uneori de o atitudine diferită de a prezenta mesajul Evangheliei.
Atentie ! Pentru limba romana urmeaza indicatiile din imaginea de mai jos :
“180″ movie – un proiect Heart Changer.